FLOTILLA AUSTRALIA

 





 

RMS
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Kaiser I Hind
Kashgar
Karmala
Khiva
Malwa
Moldavia
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Mooltan
Morea
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Flotilla Australia

AUSTRALIAN SHIPPING LINES


IMAGES POSTCARDS PHOTOGRAPHS EPHEMERA

of


HMAT
TRANPORT SHIPS
Hired Military Australian Transports

RMS
ROYAL MAIL SHIPS
chartered as
AUSTRALIAN TRANSPORT SHIPS


The Great European War
The Great War
World War 1
5th August 1914 - 11 November 1918


*A Maritime Tribute*

NOTE: Not all militiary divisions, ranks, artilliery and others are listed per ship as per embarkation from the various Australian ports. To do so would create a page as voluminous as a book. Troops numbers and variances are stated where practible




Australian Troopships A1 - A28
HMAT Page 1
Australian Troopships A29 - A51
HMAT Page 1a
Australian Troopships A52 - A74
HMAT Page 1b
New Zealand Troopships
Page 2
Single charter transports
Page 4

Hospital Ships *Active May 2018*
Page 5

Postcards of the era *Active May 2018*
Page 6

HOME!



ROYAL MAIL STEAMERS
Predominantly carried mail and passengers between Britain and Australia. These steamships were the fastest and most modern of the era. Their status as Passenger liners and Royal Mail Steamer prefix RMS saw their ongoing service between Britain and Australia - New Zealand essential. On occasions carried troops & personnel of the AIF







KAISER I HIND

1914-38

11,430 gross tons, 5989 net, 7305 dwt. Lb: 158.5 x 18.7 metres (520' x 61'). Passenger/Cargo steamship built 1914 by Caird & Co, Greenock for Peninsular & Oriental S N Co, London. Twin screw, quadruple expansion engine making 18.5 knots, maiden voyage averaged 19 knots. Accomodated 315 First Class and 233 Second Class passengers. Designed for The London - India service, (her name is a Hindi name for 'Empress Of India') she departed London October 24 1914 on her Maiden Voyage and arrived at Bombay 18 days later in record time. Was fitted with electric fans in every cabin


1914 At the outbreak of Hostilities she was requisitioned by The Admiralty as a Troopship
From 1916 to 1921 made a number of voyages London to Sydney, although these were interrupted as she was requisitioned by the Royal Navy to be used as a transport ship. During this time she carried British, French & Indian troops operating services to and from the Middle East, India and other areas. Survived 5 separate torpedo attacks, 4 four being complete misses and the fifth apparently failed to explode
Classified as RMS (Royal Mail Steamship) when chartered by Australian Government
9th December 1916 as part of Convoy 27 departed Sydney with 40 Nurses and on 18 December 1916 departed Fremantle with 20 Nurses
1st May 1917 as part of Convoy 31 departed Melbourne with 7 Chemists and on 8th May 1917 departed Fremantle with 5 Chemists
June 1921 chartered to Cunard, temporarily renamed Emperor of India and, made several voyages from Southampton to New York
1922 resumed P&O service London - Bombay

1926 refitted, upgraded gross tonnage registered as 11,518
29 May 1938 scrapping began at Blyth


image personal collection


KARMALA (1)

1914-32

8947 gross tons. Lb: 146.3 x 17.7 metres. Passenger/Cargo steamship built 1914 by Cammell, Laird & Co, Birkenhead for Peninsular & Oriental S N Co, Liverpool. Originally ordered as Kandahar but name changed during construction process. Twin screw, quadruple expansion engine making 15 knots

6th February 1916 at Melbourne embarked 1st Royal Australian Naval Bridging Train 20th Reinforcements
16 September 1916 at Sydney embarked Nurses
3rd February 1917 as part of Convoy 29 departed Sydney with 330 AIF as the 1st Light Horse Regiment 23rd Reinforcements, 2nd Light Horse Regiment 25th Reinforcements, 5th Light Horse Regiment 25th Reinforcements, 6th Light Horse Regiment 23rd Reinforcements, Camel Reinforcements (part), 1st Light horse Field Ambulance AMC 24th Reinforcements, 2nd Australian Light Horse Field Ambulance 25th Reinforcements (3 persons), Staff Sergeant Dispensers (as One Staff Sergeant), one Chaplain and one Medical Officer (Captain)
6th February 1917 departed Melbourne with 79 AIF as the 1st Royal Australian Naval Bridging Train 20th Reinforcements, 8th Light Horse Regiment 25th Reinforcements and the Camel Reinforcements (part)
8th February 1917 departed Adelaide with 66 AIF as the 3rd Light Horse Regiment 25th Reinforcements (part) and the 9th Light Horse Regiment 25th Reinforcements
12 February 1917 departed Fremantle with 33 AIF as the 10th Light Horse Regiment 25th Reinforcements & 1 YMCA
POST HOSTILITIES
30 June 1932 arrived at Yokohama for scrapping purposes
image 'Maiden Voyage?' available for sale here as a 'Modern' 6x4 inch digital photo postcard or larger print. Click on image for details


KASHGAR (2)

1914-32

8840 gross tons, 5538 net. Lb: 479'10" x 58' 3". Passenger/-cargo steamship built by Caird & Company Greenock, Glasgow for Peninsular & Oriental S N Co, London. 2 x quadruple expansion 4 cylinder engines, driving twin screws. 9000 ihp total. 15 knots

15 December 1914 Ran trials and delivered. Placed upon the India 'intermediate' service


2nd September 1916 at Sydney embarked 14th Australian General Hospital (part as One Lieutenant Colonel, Two Majors & 22 Nurses)
5th September 1916 at Melbourne embarked 14th Australian General Hospital (part)
20 January 1917 in Convoy 28 departed Sydney with 17 AIF as the 1st Australian Wireless Squadron 8th Reinforcements

Post Hostilities
20 January 1932 Sold for £16,250 to Tamizo Okushoji, Japan, for demolition
31 March 1932 Arrived at Osaka where scrapping began
image personal collection


KHIVA (2)

1914-31

8947 gross tons. Lb: 146.5 x 17.7m. Passenger/-cargo steamship built by Cammell, Laird & Co, Birkenhead for Peninsular & Oriental S N Co, Liverpool. 2 x Quadruple expansion engines making 14 knots

26 May 1917 as part of Convoy 31 departed Sydney with 15 Nurses
30 May 1917 departed Melbourne with 20 Nurses
1st June 1917 departed Adelaide with 15 Nurses

Post Hostilities

February 1931 caught fire off Dairen. Scrapped at Osaka from Decmeber 1931
image personal collection


MALWA (2)

1908-32

10883 gross tons. Lb: 540' x 61'3"inches (164.6 x 18.7 metres). Passenger steamship built 1908 by Caird & Company Greenock, for Peninsular & Oriental S N Co, Greenock. Twin screw, quadruple expansion engine making 18 knots. Laid down on the stocks as Medina, launched and completed as Malwa. Designed for and placed upon the Britain - Australia - India service


30 November 1915 as part of Convoy 15 departed Melbourne with 6 AIF as Army Pay Corps 4th Reinforcements (part)

2nd December 1915 departed Adelaide with with 492 AIF as the 10th Infantry Battalion 12th Reinforcements, 12th Infantry Battalion 12th Reinforcements (part), 16th Infantry Battalion 12th Reinforcements (part), 4th Australian Field Ambulance 12th Reinforcements (part as 6 persons), No 1 Australian Stationary Hospital 12th Reinforcements, One Medical Officer (Captain) and One Chaplain
21 March 1916 as part of Convoy 19 departed Melbourne with 490 AIF as 2nd Field Artillery Brigade 15th Reinforcements, 4th Field Artillery Brigade 4th Reinforcements, 6th Field Artillery Brigade 4th Reinforcements, 1st Divisional Ammunition Column 15th Reinforcements, 23rd Infantry Battalion 11th Reinforcements, 24th Infantry Battalion 11th Reinforcements, 2nd Australian Light Horse Field Ambulance 16th Reinforcements, Staff Sergeant Dispensers (as One Staff Sergeant), One Chaplain and 1 Medical staff
27 March 1916 departed Fremantle with 4 AIF
22 July 1916 as part of Convoy 24 departed Sydney with 339 AIF including 102 New Zealand Expeditionary Forces. AIF being 1st Light Horse Regiment 20th Reinforcements, 2nd Light Horse Regiment 20th Reinforcements, 5th Light Horse Regiment 20th Reinforcements, 7th Light Horse Regiment 20th Reinforcements, 11th Light Horse Regiment 11th Reinforcements, Camel Reinforcements (part), 1st Field Squadron Engineers (August) Reinforcements, 1st Signal Squadron Engineers (August) Reinforcements, 1st Light horse Field Ambulance AMC 20th Reinforcements, 2nd Australian Light Horse Field Ambulance 20th Reinforcements, Veterinary Corps (August) Reinforcements, One Medical Officer (Captain) and One Chaplain
25 July 1916 departed Melbourne with 55 AIF & 19 RAN as 4th Light Horse Regiment 20th Reinforcements (part), 2nd Australian Light Horse Field Ambulance 20th Reinforcements, 1st Wireless Signal Squadron 3rd Reinforcements, 1st Royal Australian Naval Bridging Train 14th & 15th Reinforcements and No 1 Squadron Flying Corps 1st Reinforcements
27 July 1916 departed Adelaide with 67 AIF as 3rd Light Horse Regiment 20th Reinforcements and the 9th Light Horse Regiment 20th Reinforcements
31 July 1916 departed Fremantle with 33 AIF as the 10th Light Horse Regiment 20th Reinforcements

3rd April 1917 as part of Convoy 30 departed Melbourne with 13 AIF as Thirteen Medical Officers (Captains)
5th April 1917 departed Adelaide with 2 AIF personnel
9th April 1917 at Fremantle embarked 1 AIF as Medical Officer (Captain)
POST HOSTILITES
Resumed normal passenger services until December 1932 when she arrived at Osaka for scrapping purposes
images as postcards of the era


MOLDAVIA (1)

1903-18

9500 gross tons, 4928 net. Lbd: 520'6" x 58'3" x 24'8". Launched 28 March 1903 and completed same year by Caird & Company Greenock, for Peninsular & Oriental S N Co, Greenock. On 117382. Passenger steamship. Twin screw, 2 x Triple expansion three-cylinder engines making 16.5 knots. Ihp 12,000. Boilers - Coal-fired, three double-ended and four single-ended boilers, 185 psi. Passenger capacity - 350 first class, 160 second class & Crew 370. Cargo capacity: 90,000 Cu Ft in 6 holds served by 10 hydraulic cranes. Cargo capacity of 90,000 Cubic Feet in 6 holds served by 10 hydraulic cranes. Designed for and placed upon the Britain - Australia mail service

20 April 1903 Fire broke out in one of the fuel bunkers. Extinguished by fire brigade but damage suffered to bulkheads
30 June 1903 Completed and ready to start trials
30 July 1903 Delivered to P&O
21 August 1903 departed Gravesend for first voyage as a three-day cruise
11 September 1903 Opened for viewing by the public
25 September 1903 commenced maiden voyage to Bombay
December 1903 First voyage to Australia via Marseilles and Columbo
19 January 1907 Ran aground on Goodwin Sands in dense fog. Deal lifeboat was launched and tugs dispatched from Dover but refloated on the tide unassisted

Single Charter RMS Royal Mail Steamship status as

22nd October 1915 as part of Convoy 13 departed Sydney with 171 AIF personnel being the 1st Australian Field Ambulance 11th Reinforcements, One Medical Officer (Captain - Hon Major) and One Chaplain

5th October 1915 departed Melbourne with 303 AIF being the 1st Royal Australian Naval Bridging Train 6th Reinforcements


1915 Requisitioned by HM Government for use as an armed merchant cruiser with conversion done at the Royal Albert Dock

1st February 1916 Commenced services with the the Royal Navy as HMS Moldavia. Joined 10th Cruiser Squadron whose role was to enforce a blockade between the North of Scotland and Iceland. The Squadron intercepted merchant ships, put an armed guard aboard and ensured they sailed to an Allied port where the cargo was inspected. The Squadron was based at Busto Voe in the Shetland Islands (mainly used for coaling) with repairs being carried out on the Clyde. She intercepted various ships and escorted them to port for inspection. Her gunners were called upon to finish off an abandoned ship Patio in November 1916
November 1916 Compulsorily purchased by the government but reverted to P&O ownership after this was legally contested
9th February 1917 she intercepted an Italian merchant ship Famiglia that had previously been intercepted by a German U-boat who had put an armed guard aboard and ordered her to sail to Germany. When stopped by HMS Moldavia the Germans scuttled her with explosive charges and the ship was abandoned. The crew were picked up and taken to Loch Ewe
30 July 1917 performed escort duties to convoys between West Africa and Plymouth
November 1917 departed Freetown for Plymouth carrying 609 cases of gold bullion and arrived safely at Plymouth two weeks later
March 1918 steamed to Canada. 11 May 1918 departed Halifax transporting 477 men of the US Army 28th Regiment and, she performed her role as an escort to convoy HC1 bound for London 23 May 1918 off Beachy Head, she was struck on the port bow by a torpedo fired by UB-57, commanded by Johann Los, and badly damaged. Initially listed 25 degrees portside, re-balanced upright until listing gradually starboard. It is believed she continued to steam ahead for about 15 minutes until sinking condition set in and submerged 20 minutes after Captain Adrian H Smythe RN ordered abandoned ship. There were no crew losses, but 56 American Servicemen who were in a compartment near where the torpedo struck, perished
Modern Day - Whilst this shipwreck should have been classified as a war grave in accordance with the 1986 Protection of Military Remains Act, such is not so and, is regarded as a popular diving site
both images available for sale here as a 'Modern' 6x4 inch digital postcards or larger print. Click on image for details



MONGOLIA (2)

1903-17

9505 gross tons. Lb: 521 x 58 feet (158.8 x 17.8 metres). Passenger/Cargo steamship (Refrigerated) built 1903 by Caird & Co, Greenock for Peninsular & Oriental S N Co, Greenock. Twin screw, triple expansion engine making 16.5 knots. Placed upon the London - Australia mail service

Arrived 24 October 1915 at Fremantle - likely from Britain
Completed three Transports for the Australian Commonwealth
16 November 1915 as part of Convoy 15 departed Melbourne with 1 AIF Officer of the No 1 Australian Dermatological Hospital (Bulford) Special Reinforcements (One Medical officer as Major)
18 November 1915 departed Adelaide with 1 AIF Officer
23 November 1915 departed Fremantle with 484 AIF including No 2 Australian Stationary Hospital 12th Reinforcements, 4th Australian Field Ambulance 12th Reinforcements (part as 6 persons) and One Medical Officer (Captain)
9th March 1916 as part of Convoy 18 departed Adelaide with 479 AIF including Medical Staff of the 1st Australian Stationary Hospital 15th Reinforcements and one Chaplain
8th July 1916 as part of Convoy 23 departed Sydney with 284 AIF as the 1st Field Squadron Engineers (July) Reinforcements, 1st Signal Squadron Engineers (July) Reinforcements, 1st Light horse Field Ambulance AMC 19th Reinforcements, 2nd Australian Light Horse Field Ambulance 19th Reinforcements and One Medical Officer
11 July 1916 departed Melbourne with 119 AIF as the 2nd Australian Light Horse Field Ambulance 19th Reinforcements, 1st Wireless Signal Squadron 6th Reinforcements and Dental Details
13 July 1916 departed Adelaide with 30 AIF & 4 Imperial personnel
17 July 1916 departed Fremantle with 34 AIF
22 March 1917 as part of Convoy 30 departed Melbourne with 1 Officer of the AIF being Army Pay Corps General Reinforcements (part)
23 June 1917 Struck mine (Laid down by German Raider - Wolf February 1917) 50 miles S by W of Bombay and sunk whilst London - Australia bound with passengers, cargo & mail. Three passengers, three engineer officers and 14 native crew perished in the explosion
image as postcard of the era


MOOLTAN (2)

1905-17

9621 gross tons, 4828 net. Lbd: 168.5 x 17.8 x 7.5 metres (520' x 58'). Passenger Cargo steamship built 1905 by Caird & Co, Greenock for Peninsular & Oriental S N Co, Greenock. Twin screw, quadruple expansion engines 1164nhp Top speed as 19 knots, cruising speed 18 knots

15 May 1915 as part of Convoy 6 departed Sydney with 199 AIF as the 1st Australian General Hospital Special Reinforcements (part), 3rd Australian General Hospital (part) and the 1st Australian Convalescent Depot (Harefield Park)
18 May 1915 departed Melbourne with 210 AIF as the 3rd Australian General Hospital (part), the 1st Australian General Hospital Special Reinforcements (part) and the 1st Australian Convalescent Depot (Harefield Park)
20 May 1915 departed Adelaide with 9 AIF as the 1st Australian General Hospital Special Reinforcements (part), 3rd Australian General Hospital (part) and Two Medical Officers (Captains)
24 May 1915 departed Fremantle with 27 AIF as the 1st Australian General Hospital Special Reinforcements (part), 3rd Australian General Hospital (part) and Hospital Transport Corps
20 November 1915 arrived at Fremantle - likely from Britain
11 December 1915 as part of Convoy 15 departed Sydney with 500 AIF as the 1st Field Company Engineers 12th Reinforcements, 3rd Field Company Engineers 12th Reinforcements, 5th Australian Field Ambulance 7th Reinforcements, 21st Army Service Corps 3rd Depot Unit of Supply & their 1st Reinforcements and, One Medical Officer (Captain)
13 December 1915 departed Melbourne with 1 AIF Officer
12 April 1916 as part of Convoy 20 departed Sydney with 480 AIF as the 4th Pioneer Battalion 2nd Reinforcements and One Chaplain
20 April 1916 departed Adelaide with 1 AIF Medical Officer (Captain)
24 April 1916 departed Fremantle with 1 AIF Officer
19 August 1916 as part of Convoy 25 departed Sydney with 273 AIF including 102 NZEF & 1 Medical staff as the 1st Field Squadron Engineers (September) Reinforcements, 1st Signal Squadron Engineers (September) Reinforcements, 1st Light horse Field Ambulance AMC 21st Reinforcements and the 2nd Australian Light Horse Field Ambulance 21st Reinforcements
22 August 1916 departed Melbourne with 61 AIF, 9 RAN as the 1st Wireless Signal Squadron 4th & 5th Reinforcements, 2nd Australian Light Horse Field Ambulance 21st Reinforcements, 1st Royal Australian Naval Bridging Train 16th Reinforcements, One Medical Officer (Captain). Also 36 Nurses and One Chaplain
24 August 1916 departed Adelaide with 66 AIF & 9 Nurses
28 August 1916 departed Fremantle with 35 AIF & 6 Nurses as the 14th Australian General Hospital (part)
23 December 1916 as part of Convoy 27 1916 departed Sydney with 144 AIF including 113 NZEF & 5 Draughtsmen. Included were the 1st Wireless Signal Squadron 7th Reinforcements
26 December 1916 departed Melbourne with 50 Nurses
9th June 1917 as part of Convoy 32 departed Sydney with 142 Nurses
12 June 1917 departed Melbourne with 2 AIF Officers, & One Medical Officer (Captain - Hon Major), 104 Nurses and one Chaplain 18 June 1917 departed Fremantle 5 Nurses

26 July 1917 Although escorted by two Japanese destroyers, she was torpedoed and sunk by the Greman submarine UC-27 off Tunis 37.56N/8.34E when bound from Malta - Marseilles. On board compliment of 554 passengers and crew, all but two lives were saved
image as postcard of the era


MOREA

1908-30

10,890 gross tons. Lb: 164.6 x 18.7 metres (540' x 61'). Passenger steamship built 1908 by Barclay, Curle & Co, Whiteinch for Peninsular & Oriental S N Co, Greenock Steam quadruple expansion Cylinders 30.5 inch, 44 inch, 61 inch and 87 inch. Stroke 54 inch, 13,000 IHP, 1,842 NHP. Steam pressure 215lbs. Four single-ended and 4 double-ended Scotch boilers. 16 knots. Designed for the Britain - Australia - India service. Passenger capacity 407 first class, 200 second class. Crew 307

20 April 1915 departed Melbourne with the Mesopotamia Half Flight
24 August 1915 as part of Convoy 10 dep Melbourne with 11 AIF
26 August 1915 departed Adelaide with 457 AIF as the 10th Infantry Battalion 8th Reinforcements, 12th Infantry Battalion 8th Reinforcements, 16th Infantry Battalion 8th Reinforcements, 27th Infantry Battalion 3rd Reinforcements, 3rd Light Horse Regiment 8th Reinforcements, 9th Light Horse Regiment 8th Reinforcements (part), 3rd Australian Field Ambulance 8th Reinforcements (part), 4th Australian Field Ambulance 8th Reinforcements (part as 3 persons), No 1 Australian Stationary Hospital 8th Reinforcements, Dental Details, Two Medical Officers (as One Lieutenant-Colonel & 1 Captain), Nurses and One Chaplain
27 May 1916 as part of Convoy 22 departed Sydney with 57 AIF as the Camel Reinforcements (part)
30 May 1916 departed Melbourne with 104 AIF as the 1st Wireless Signal Squadron, No 1 Squadron Flying Corps Wagon Section 1st Reinforcements, , 1st Signal Troop 18th Reinforcements, 3rd Signal Troop 18th Reinforcements and One Medical Officer (Captain)
6th June 1916 departed Fremantle with 33 AIF as the 10th Light Horse Regiment 18th Reinforcements
17 February 1917 as part of Convoy 30 departed Sydney with 342 AIF including 135 NZEF. AIF were the 1st Light Horse Regiment 26th Reinforcements, Veterinary Reinforcements (part), 1st Field Squadron Engineers (February) Reinforcements, 1st Signal Squadron Engineers (February) Reinforcements, 1st Light horse Field Ambulance AMC 26th Reinforcements, Veterinary Corps (February) Reinforcements (part) and One Medical Officer (Captain)
20 February 1917 departed Melbourne with 92 AIF as the 3rd Light Horse Regiment 25th Reinforcements (part), Camel Reinforcements (part)
22 February 1917 departed Adelaide with 34 AIF as the 3rd Light Horse Regiment 26th Reinforcements, 9th Light Horse Regiment 26th Reinforcements (part)
26 February 1917 departed Fremantle with 57 AIF as the 11th Infantry Battalion 25th Reinforcements, 9th Light Horse Regiment 26th Reinforcements (part) and the 10th Light Horse Regiment 26th Reinforcements
October 1930 scrapped at Kobe
image available for sale here as a 'Modern' 6x4 inch digital art postcard or larger print. Click on image for details


NIAGARA

1913-40

13,415 gross tons. Lbd: 524'7" x 66'3" x 28'1" (159.9 x 20.2 metres). Passenger/cargo (Refrigerated) steamship launched Saturday, 17 August 1912 completed 1913 by John Brown & Co, Clydebank for Union Steamship Company of New Zealand. Ship registered at Wellington. Triple screw, 2x4 cylinder triple expansion engines plus LP turbine making 17 knots. Passenger capacity as 290 first class, 223 in second, and 191 third class . She was nicknamed 'the Titanic of the Pacific' but, after the sinking of the real Titanic that term was dropped in favour of 'Queen of the Pacific'

10 May 1917 at Sydney embarked one Medical Officer (Major)
25 April 1918 at Sydney embarked one Medical Officer (Lieutenant-Colonel Hon Colonel)

1931 owned by Canadian Australasian Line Ltd, London and serviced Auckland, New Zealand, to Suva and Vancouver
18 June 1940 mined & sunk (laid 14.6.40 by German Auxiliary Cruiser Orion) Bream Head, Whangarei (35.53S/174.54E) when bound from Auckland-Vancouver with passengers and general cargo, including gold bullion. No lives were lost. The secret and substantial gold bullion was meant to be payment from the Bank of England to the United States (who had not yet entered the War) for munitions supply. 1952 saw successful recovery of more than eight tonnes of gold after blasting a hole in the hull of the ship. 555 gold bars were removed, followed in 1953 by a further 30 gold bars, leaving 5 bars still unrecovered in the wreck as of 2011
images as postcards of the era



ORMONDE

1917-52

14,982 gross tons, 8075 net. Lb: 176.9 x 20.3 metres (580'5" x 66'6" x 40'5"). Passenger steamship built 1917 by John Brown Clydebank, for Orient S N Co Ltd Glasgow. 4 Steam Turbines SR geared to twin screws. 4 Double Ended and 2 Single Ended Main Boilers supplying steam at Max Pressure 215lbs. Speed 18 knots. Engines by John Brown Clydebank. Two funnels. Passenger capacity as 278 first class, 195 second class and 1,000 third class. Designed for the Britain - Australia service however upon completion she commenced her career as a troopship. Her peacetime maiden voyage wasnt until 15th November 1919 London to Australia

2nd March 1918 as part of Convoy 37 departed Sydney with 528 AIF as the 26 Infantry Battalion 21st Reinforcements, 31st Infantry Battalion 14th Reinforcements, 41st Infantry Battalion 9th Reinforcements, 1st Light Horse Regiment 35th Reinforcements, 5th Light Horse Regiment 30th Reinforcements, 6th Light Horse Regiment 34th Reinforcements, 7th Light Horse Regiment 35th Reinforcements, 1st Wireless Signal Squadron Special Reinforcements (part as 1 person), 1st Signal Squadron Engineers (November) Reinforcements, 1st to 4th Signal Troops (November) Reinforcements (part), 2nd Australian Light Horse Field Ambulance 31st Reinforcements, 3rd Pioneer Battalion 8th Reinforcements (part as one 2nd Lieutenant), 1st Field Squadron Engineers (November) Reinforcements, Air Line Section (November 1917) Reinforcements, Sea Transport Staff No 7 Section (part), Medical Corps General Reinforcements Two Medical Officers (1 Major & 1 Captain), 7 miscellaneous staff s and Three Chaplains

7th March 1918 departed Melbourne with 363 AIF as the 43rd Infantry Battalion 8th Reinforcements, 3rd Light Horse Regiment 31st Reinforcements (as 15 men), 3rd Light Horse Regiment 35th Reinforcements (as 42 men), 4th Light Horse Regiment 31st Reinforcements (part as 32 men), Medical Corps General Reinforcements, One Medical Officer (Captain), Nurses and, Special Draft Royal Miltiary College Graduates (part) and, Special Draft AIF Officers (part) and 5 Imperial Troops

13 March 1918 departed Fremantle with 207 AIF as the 28th Infantry Battalion 22nd Reinforcements, 10th Light Horse Regiment 33rd Reinforcements, Railway Unit (February) Reinforcements, Nurses and, Special Draft Royal Miltiary College Graduates (part) and, Special Draft A.I.F. Officers (part) and 2 Red Cross persons

15th November 1919 London to Australia on Maiden Voyage
1939 Requisitioned as a troopship. Involved in the evacuations from Norway and France
1947 Resumed commercial service in 1947 as an emigrant vessel to Australia
5th December 1952 arrived at Dalmuir for partial scrapping and that was completed at Troon 25 May 1953 by W.H. Arnott, Young & Co
left side image postcard of the era. Right side rare photograph of Ormonde & Oronsay at Port melbourne 1951-52-available for sale as a modern digital postcard 6x4 inch or larger print. Click on image for details


ORONTES (1)

1902-25

9023 gross tons Lb: 156.6 x 17.7 metres (513'7"x 58'2"). Passenger/cargo steamship (Refrigerated) built 1902 by Fairfield SB & E Co, Govan for Orient S N Co Ltd, Glasgow. Twin screw, quadruple expansion reciprocating engines making 18 knots. Designed for the Britain - Australia service

11 December 1915 as part of Convoy 15 departed Sydney with 410 AIF
24 November 1915 departed Melbourne with 295 AIF Convoy 15
26 November 1916 departed Adelaide with 8 AIF
25 March 1916 as part of Convoy 19 departed Sydney with 1 AIF Officer & 1 Medical Staff
29 March 1916 departed Melbourne with 714 AIF
12 August 1916 as part of Convoy 23 departed Sydney with 13 AIF & 15 Catering as Butchers & Bakers in
16 August 1916 departed melbourne with 1025 AIF and 2 Nurses
18 August 1916 departed Adelaide with 1 AIF
23 August 1916 departed Fremantle with 2 AIF
9th December 1916 as part of Convoy 28 departed Sydney with 267 AIF, 33 RAN & 1 Nurse
23 December 1916 departed Melbourne with 488 AIF, 37 Munition workers, 1 YMCA, 2 Red Cross personnel & 5 Nurses
29 December 1916 departed Fremantle with 1 RAN person, 1 YMCA person, 8 Munitions workers and 2 Nurses
6th June 1917 as part of Convoy 32 departed Melbourne with 1 AIF Officer
5th June 1918 as part of Convoy 40 departed Sydney with 1112 AIF, 13 miscellaneous & 10 Nurses
1921 Laid up on the Thames River

1922 Briefly owned by British World Trade Expeditions Ltd, Glasgow with the intention of renamed her British Pride as an exhibition ship however, she was repossessed by Orient Line for some unknown reason
2nd November 1925 scrapping commenced at Inverkeithing (T.W.Ward Ltd)
left side image postcard of the era. Right side at Port Melbourne 16 August 1916 as Australian Troopship available for sale here as a 'Modern' 6x4 inch digital photo postcard or larger print. Click on image for details


OSTERLEY

1909-30

12,129 gross tons. Lb: 535'1" x 63'2" (163.1 x 19.3 metres). Passenger steamship built 1909 by London & Glasgow Eng & Iron Shipbuilding Co, Govan for Orient S N Co Ltd, Glasgow. Twin screw, quadruple expansion engines making 18 knots. Two funnels. Designed for the Britain - Australia service

29 September 1915 as part of Convoy 12 departed Melbourne with 1269 AIF as the 5th Infantry Battalion 10th Reinforcements, 6th Infantry Battalion 10th Reinforcements, 7th Infantry Battalion] 10th Reinforcements, 8th Infantry Battalion 10th Reinforcements, 21st Infantry Battalion 5th Reinforcements, 22nd Infantry Battalion 5th Reinforcements, 23rd Infantry Battalion 5th Reinforcements, 24th Infantry Battalion 5th Reinforcements and the 2nd Veterinary Section (Victoria) 11th Reinforcements
15 January 1916 as part of Convoy 17 departed Sydney with 1270 AIF as the 1st Field Artillery Brigade 14th Reinforcements, 1st Siege Artillery Brigade 4th Reinforcements, 3rd Field Artillery (Army) Brigade 14th Reinforcements, 5th Field Artillery Brigade 3rd Reinforcements, 2nd Division Ammunition Column 3rd Reinforcements, 1st Infantry Battalion 14th Reinforcements, 2nd Infantry Battalion 14th Reinforcements, 3rd Infantry Battalion 14th Reinforcementsand the 1st Light Horse Regiment 14th Reinforcements
17 January 1916 departed Melbourne with 1 Medical Staff
21 January 1916 departed Adelaide with 2 Medical Staff
27 January 1916 departed Fremantle with 1 AIF Trooper
10 February 1917 as part of Convoy 29 departed Sydney with 901 AIF as the 1st Field Artillery Brigade 24th Reinforcements, 1st Siege Artillery Brigade 10th Reinforcements, 3rd Field Artillery Brigade 24th Reinforcements, 5th Field Artillery Brigade 13th Reinforcements, 7th Field Artillery Brigade 8th Reinforcements, 9th Field Artillery Brigade 8th Reinforcements, 11th Field Artillery Brigade 10th Reinforcements, 13th Field Artillery Brigade 10th Reinforcements, 21st Field Artillery Brigade 10th Reinforcements, 22nd Field Artillery Brigade 10th Reinforcements, 2nd Divisional Ammunition Column 13th Reinforcements, 4th Divisional Ammunition Column 10th Reinforcements, 5th Divisional Ammunition Column 10th Reinforcements, Light Trench Mortar Battery 6th Reinforcements, Medium Trench Mortar Battery 6th Reinforcements, 1st Infantry Battalion 24th Reinforcements, 2nd Infantry Battalion 24th Reinforcements. Also included were 1 YMCA & 7 Nurses
14 February 1917 departed Melbourne with 428 AIF as the 2nd Field Artillery Brigade 24th Reinforcements, 4th Field Artillery Brigade 13th Reinforcements, 6th Field Artillery (Army) Brigade 13th Reinforcements, 8th Field Artillery Brigade 8th Reinforcements, 10th Field Artillery Brigade 10th Reinforcements, 12th Field Artillery (Army) Brigade 10th Reinforcements, 14th Field Artillery Brigade] 10th Reinforcements, 15th Field Artillery Brigade 10th Reinforcements, 23rd Field Artillery Brigade 10th Reinforcements, 24th Field Artillery Brigade] 10th Reinforcements, 25th Field Artillery Brigade 10th Reinforcements, 1st Division Ammunition Column 24th Reinforcements, 3rd Division Ammunition Column 8th Reinforcements, 9th Machine Gun Company 8th Reinforcements, 11th Machine Gun Company 8th Reinforcements, 12th Machine Gun Company 10th Reinforcements, 13th Machine Gun Company 10th Reinforcements, 14th Machine Gun Company 10th Reinforcements and the 15th Machine Gun Company 10th Reinforcements
8th March 1918 departed Sydney with Flying Corps Reinforcements 3rd Special Draft (part),
9th May 1918 as part of Convoy 39 in 'Single Charter' status departed Sydney with 1230 AIF, 2 RAN Officers, 5 YMCA, 2 Red Cross 1 Canteen & 7 Nurses
14 April 1930 arrived at Bothness for scrapping (P.& W. MacLellan), completed June 1930
image in Dazzle paint available for sale here as a 'Modern' 6x4 inch digital photo postcard or 12 x 8 inch print. Click on image for details


PERSIA

1900-15

7974 gross tons. Lb: 152 x 15.6 metres (499'8" x 54'3" x 24'5"). Passenger Cargo steamship built 1900 by Caird & Co, Greenock for Peninsular & Oriental S N Co, Greenock. Single screw, triple expansion engine making 16.5 knots

10 August 1915 as part of Convoy 9 departed Melbourne with 499 AIF & 2 RAN as the 2nd Field Artillery Brigade 7th Reinforcements, 3rd Field Artillery (Army) Brigade 7th Reinforcements, 1st Division Ammunition Column 7th Reinforcements, Mesopotamia Half Flight (formed at Point Cook) 1st Reinforcements and the 4th Light Horse Regiment 7th Reinforcements

The following from the Dictionary of Disasters At Sea (Hocking/Lloyds) The liner Persia, Cdr. W. H. S. Hall, R.N.R., which left London on December 18th, 1915, and Marseilles on the 26th, was 71 miles S.E. by S. of Cape Martello, Crete, on the 30th, when she was torpedoed without warning by the U_38, Lt. Cdr. Max Valentiner* The attack occurred at 1.10 p.m. the vessel being struck on the port bow, and five minutes later the port boiler blew up. She sank in a very short time and 334 of the 501 persons on board were drowned, including Cdr. Hall. Two of her boats were drawn down when she foundered taking all their occupants with them, but four got away in safety. One hundred and sixty seven survivors were picked up, most of them by a trawler 30 hours later, and were landed at Alexandria
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SOMALI

1901-23

6708 gross tons. Lb: 137.3 x 16 metres (450 x 52 feet). Passenger/cargo steamship built 1901 by Caird & Co, Greenock for Peninsular & Oriental S N Co, Greenock. Twin screw, triple expansion engine making 14 knots

30 June 1917 as part of Convoy 32 departed Melbourne with 2 Officers of the Indian Army & 60 Nurses

10 December 1923 arrived at Copenhagen (Petersen & Albeck) for scrapping purposes
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