AUSTRALIAN SHIPPING LINES
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COLONIAL SUGAR REFINING Co Ltd, Sydney
Founded in Sydney by Sir Edward Knox in 1855. The company's success was largely testament to Knox's good management and enterprising skills. CSR established refineries across Australia. The company first began refining imported raw sugar, In 1869, it began to cultivate its own cane in New South Wales, with sugar mills erected on the Clarence, Tweed and Richmond Rivers. Expanded into the Melbourne market in the 1870's. Over the next two decades, mills were established in Queensland, New Zealand and Fiji. In 1923, the Queensland state government signed an agreement with CSR to refine all of that state's sugar production, a monopoly that was to continue until 1989. Mills outside Queensland were sold in the 1970's. About 80% of production is exported.
Refined sugar products for the retail market are now produced in a joint venture with Mackay Sugar Co-Operative (75% controlled by CSR), who operate refineries in Mackay (Queensland), Melbourne and Perth. The CSR brand is used on most of the retail sugar products produced. The production makes up around 60% of the sugar on the Australian domestic market, and 80% of that in New Zealand. Using the molasses by-product from the sugar mills, the company also distills ethanol for use in fuel ethanol manufacture, and varying grades of domestic industrial ethanols for food production and other chemical processes
The Group's principal activities are carried out through the following divisions: Building Products, Sugar - Milling, Sugar - Ethanol and Refining, Aluminum and Property. Building products involves the manufacture and supply of building products including plasterboard, fibre cement, glasswool and rockwool insulation, clay bricks and pavers, concrete and terracotta roof tiles, and lightweight concrete products. Major brands include Bradford, Cemintel, Gyprock, Hebel, Wunderlich, Monier and PGH. Sugar - Milling includes the production of raw and renewable electricity. Sugar - Ethanol and Refining involves in the production of refined sugar and ethanol. Aluminum includes the production of aluminum ingots, billets and slabs. Property includes the development of residential estates and the sale or leasing of industrial estates. It operates in Australia, New Zealand and Asia
Sugar Australia Pty Limited
was established in March 1998 as a joint venture between CSR Limited (50%), Mackay Sugar Co-operative Association Limited (25%), and ED&F Mann (25%).
In 2004, CSR purchased ED&F Mann's share of the joint venture, and CSR now hold 75%.
The company operates 3 sugar refineries, located in Melbourne, Mackay and Auckland. The Melbourne refinery at Yarraville is integral to the food and beverage industry in Victoria. The Sugar Australia Yarraville refinery has been in operation since 1873
Since their inception back in 1855, their shipping division is now just a small subsidiary, with ASP Ship Management and in 2008 Teekay Shipping administering that side of operations
This page covers CSR from their concept as shipowners up until 2009 as Sugar Australia Pty Ltd
Mackay Sugar Co-operative Association Limited